Skip to main content


A representation of 1,2-Butanediol

In the world of dog food, innovation and safety are often in a tense relationship. One substance that particularly stands out in this context is 1,2-butanediol. But what is this chemical mystery hidden in the ingredient list of some dog foods? In this article, we take a closer look at 1,2-butanediol to uncover its secrets. We'll discuss its pros and cons in detail to give you a comprehensive picture of this controversial ingredient.

What is 1,2-butanediol?

1,2-Butanediol, also known as 1,2-butylene glycol, is a chemical compound that belongs to the glycol family. It is a colorless, viscous liquid that is used in a variety of ways in industrial chemistry, including as a solvent, humectant and in the production of plastics and plasticizers. But how does such a substance find its way into our best friend's food?

The role of 1,2-butanediol in dog food

Moisture retention and preservation

1,2-butanediol is used as a humectant in some types of dog food. It helps to retain moisture in the food, which is particularly important for wet food. This keeps the food fresh and tasty for your dog for longer.

Solvent for additives

As a solvent, 1,2-butanediol can be used to evenly distribute vitamins and other nutritional supplements in dog food. This ensures that your dog receives a balanced amount of necessary nutrients with every bite.

Benefits of 1,2-butanediol

Improved shelf life and taste

The use of 1,2-butanediol in dog food can extend the shelf life of the food and improve the taste. This is particularly beneficial for owners who stockpile larger quantities of food and want to ensure that the food stays fresh for a longer period of time.

Efficient nutrient distribution

The even distribution of nutrients is crucial for your dog's health. 1,2-Butanediol helps to ensure that important vitamins and minerals are evenly distributed in the food so that your dog can benefit from a balanced diet.

Disadvantages and potential risks

Toxicity and side effects

Despite its benefits, there are concerns about the safety of 1,2-butanediol for dogs. In high doses, it can be potentially toxic and cause side effects such as lethargy, coordination problems and, in extreme cases, even more serious health problems.

Lack of long-term studies

Another problem is the lack of comprehensive long-term studies on the effects of 1,2-butanediol on dogs. Without this data, it is difficult to fully understand and evaluate the long-term health effects of this substance.

A double-edged sword 1,2-butanediol is a prime example of the complex trade-offs that need to be considered when selecting dog food.

Properties 3

Are you looking for other ingredients with a specific property?
Just click on them to find more.

Chemistry Liquid Compatibility unknown

Learn even more about 1,2-Butanediol

If you notice any signs of hypersensitivity or poisoning in your dog, you should see your vet immediately. We are not a substitute for a vet, but we try to be as accurate as possible. Every dog reacts differently and we recommend you get a second opinion or consult your vet if in doubt.

Stay healthy and take good care of your four-legged friend!😊

Similar to 1,2-Butanediol

Ethylene glycol

Ethylene glycol (EG) is an organic compound commonly used as an antifreeze in vehicle cooling systems and in some industrial and household products. It is a colorless, almost odorless liquid with a...

Propylene glycol

Propylene glycol (1,2-propylene glycol) is an organic compound that is obtained from crude oil. It belongs to the alcohols and has the chemical formula C3H8O2. It is completely soluble in water and...


Glycerine is a colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid obtained from vegetable or animal fats. It is also called glycerine or glycerol and belongs to the alcohols. Glycerine is used in a variety of...


1,2-Hexanediol is an organic compound that belongs to the alcohol family. It is a colorless liquid that is used as a solvent, humectant and antimicrobial agent in various industrial and cosmetic...